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Verse (54:43), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (54:43) is divided into 3 morphological segments. An interrogative alif, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The noun is masculine plural and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is kāf fā rā (ك ف ر). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine plural.

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

Are your disbelievers,
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
N – nominative masculine plural noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
الهمزة همزة استفهام
اسم مرفوع والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (54:43)

The analysis above refers to the 43rd verse of chapter 54 (sūrat l-qamar):

Sahih International: Are your disbelievers better than those [former ones], or have you immunity in the scripture?

See Also

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15th June, 2013

Form I Active Participle plural. كَافِر is its singular.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds