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Verse (54:11), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (54:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is mīm wāw hā (م و ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

with water
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (54:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 54 (sūrat l-qamar):

Sahih International: Then We opened the gates of the heaven with rain pouring down

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