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Verse (51:54), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (51:54) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and passive participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite passive participle is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The passive participle's triliteral root is lām wāw mīm (ل و م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (51) sūrat l-dhāriyāt (The Wind that Scatter)

(are) to be blamed.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite passive participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (51:54)

The analysis above refers to the 54th verse of chapter 51 (sūrat l-dhāriyāt):

Sahih International: So leave them, [O Muhammad], for you are not to be blamed.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds