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Verse (51:43), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (51:43) is a proper noun in the genitive case (مجرور). The case marker is a fatḥah instead of a kasrah because the proper noun is a diptote (ممنوع من الصرف).

Chapter (51) sūrat l-dhāriyāt (The Wind that Scatter)

PN – genitive proper noun → Thamud اسم علم مجرور بالفتحة بدلاً من الكسرة لأنه ممنوع من الصرف

Verse (51:43)

The analysis above refers to the 43rd verse of chapter 51 (sūrat l-dhāriyāt):

Sahih International: And in Thamud, when it was said to them, "Enjoy yourselves for a time."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds