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Verse (51:19), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (51:19) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The active participle is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is sīn hamza lām (س أ ل). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (51) sūrat l-dhāriyāt (The Wind that Scatter)

(of) those who asked
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (51:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 51 (sūrat l-dhāriyāt):

Sahih International: And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds