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Verse (50:31), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (50:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The form VIII active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is wāw qāf yā (و ق ي). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (50) sūrat qāf

to the righteous,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural (form VIII) active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (50:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 50 (sūrat qāf):

Sahih International: And Paradise will be brought near to the righteous, not far,

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Language Research Group
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