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Verse (4:55), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar


The tenth word of verse (4:55) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The case marker is a fatḥah instead of a kasrah because the proper noun is a diptote (ممنوع من الصرف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

(is) Hell
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Hell
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:55)

The analysis above refers to the 55th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: And some among them believed in it, and some among them were averse to it. And sufficient is Hell as a blaze.

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