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Verse (47:35), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (47:35) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is dāl ʿayn wāw (د ع و). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (47) sūrat muḥammad

and call
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (47:35)

The analysis above refers to the 35th verse of chapter 47 (sūrat muḥammad):

Sahih International: So do not weaken and call for peace while you are superior; and Allah is with you and will never deprive you of [the reward of] your deeds.

See Also

1 message

Abdul Rahman

2nd May, 2014

As pointed out by Bro. Maqbool at (47:35:2), the verb here should be

V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood, since it follows (معطوف) the jussive verb tahinū.

However, it can also be taken as in subjunctive mood, if it is assumed that there is an implicit particle ( أَنْ) after the prefixed conjunction (wa) as "answer to the prohibition" (جواب النهي). (Ref: Bahjat, Vol 11, page 116)

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Language Research Group
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