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Verse (44:14), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (44:14) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw lām (ق و ل). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (44) sūrat l-dukhān (The Smoke)

and said,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (44:14)

The analysis above refers to the fourteenth verse of chapter 44 (sūrat l-dukhān):

Sahih International: Then they turned away from him and said, "[He was] taught [and is] a madman."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds