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Verse (3:142), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar


The twelfth word of verse (3:142) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A comitative particle and verb. The comitative usage of wāw (واو المعية) precedes a comitative object (مفعول معه), and is considered to be equiavelent to "with" (مع). The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)

and made evident
COM – prefixed comitative particle
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
الواو واو المعية
فعل مضارع منصوب

Verse (3:142)

The analysis above refers to the 142nd verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: Or do you think that you will enter Paradise while Allah has not yet made evident those of you who fight in His cause and made evident those who are steadfast?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds