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Verse (39:23), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar


The eighth word of verse (39:23) is a form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع). The verb is third person feminine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's quadriliteral root is qāf shīn ʿayn rā (ق ش ع ر).

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

V – 3rd person feminine singular (form IV) imperfect verb فعل مضارع

Verse (39:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: Allah has sent down the best statement: a consistent Book wherein is reiteration. The skins shiver therefrom of those who fear their Lord; then their skins and their hearts relax at the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whom He wills. And one whom Allah leaves astray - for him there is no guide.

See Also

4 messages

Asim Iqbal 2nd

8th June, 2011

Root is already correctly mentioned as qaaf shiin ayn ra

But Form is Q.IV i.e. 4th form of the quadriliteral :

Lane's Lexicon, Volume 7, Page 2526, Columns 1 and 2.

Wright's Arabic Grammar, Volume 1, Page 49, (Page 300)

Asim Iqbal 2nd

8th June, 2011

and for roots with 4 letters its form cannot be called IV, but will be called Q.IV, as IV is only dedicated for triliteral forms and use of IV with quadriliteral forms is not allowable. Q.IV is acceptable. .

Asim Iqbal 2nd

8th June, 2011

So can any one show :

Triliteral Forms other than I, II, II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X

Quadriliteral forms other than Q.I and Q.IV

being used in the Qur'an at any place?

Asim Iqbal 2nd

8th June, 2011

1 correction II is written twice it should be III at 2nd place.

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