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Verse (39:12), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (39:12) is a form IV masculine plural active participle and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is sīn lām mīm (س ل م).

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

(of) those who submit."
PN – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle → Islam اسم علم مجرور

Verse (39:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: And I have been commanded to be the first [among you] of the Muslims."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds