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Verse (39:12), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (39:12) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and subordinating conjunction. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

P – prefixed preposition lām
SUB – subordinating conjunction
جار ومجرور

Verse (39:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: And I have been commanded to be the first [among you] of the Muslims."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds