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Verse (38:82), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (38:82) is divided into 4 morphological segments. A resumption particle, preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn zāy zāy (ع ز ز). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (38) sūrat ṣād

"Then by Your might
REM – prefixed resumption particle
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (38:82)

The analysis above refers to the 82nd verse of chapter 38 (sūrat ṣād):

Sahih International: [Iblees] said, "By your might, I will surely mislead them all

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds