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Verse (38:46), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (38:46) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite active participle is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is khā lām ṣād (خ ل ص). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (38) sūrat ṣād

for an exclusive (quality);
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine indefinite active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (38:46)

The analysis above refers to the 46th verse of chapter 38 (sūrat ṣād):

Sahih International: Indeed, We chose them for an exclusive quality: remembrance of the home [of the Hereafter].

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