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Verse (38:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (38:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The proper noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is qāf rā hamza (ق ر أ). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (38) sūrat ṣād

By the Quran
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
PN – genitive masculine proper noun → Quran
جار ومجرور

Verse (38:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 38 (sūrat ṣād):

Sahih International: Sad. By the Qur'an containing reminder...

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds