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Verse (38:19), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (38:19) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and personal pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The personal pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (38) sūrat ṣād

with him
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور

Verse (38:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 38 (sūrat ṣād):

Sahih International: And the birds were assembled, all with him repeating [praises].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds