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Verse (37:56), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (37:56) is divided into 3 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix, verb and object pronoun. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis. The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person feminine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is rā dāl yā (ر د ي). The of the first person singular object pronoun has been omitted due to elision (الياء محذوفة), and is indicated by the kasrah.

Chapter (37) sūrat l-ṣāfāt (Those Ranges in Ranks)

ruined me.
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – 1st person singular object pronoun
اللام لام التوكيد
فعل مضارع والياء المحذوفة ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (37:56)

The analysis above refers to the 56th verse of chapter 37 (sūrat l-ṣāfāt):

Sahih International: He will say, "By Allah , you almost ruined me.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds