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Verse (31:3), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (31:3) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The form IV active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is ḥā sīn nūn (ح س ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (31) sūrat luq'mān

for the good-doers,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (31:3)

The analysis above refers to the third verse of chapter 31 (sūrat luq'mān):

Sahih International: As guidance and mercy for the doers of good

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds