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Verse (23:4), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (23:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is zāy kāf wāw (ز ك و). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (23) sūrat l-mu'minūn (The Believers)

of purification works
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (23:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 23 (sūrat l-mu'minūn):

Sahih International: And they who are observant of zakah

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds