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Verse (22:18), Word 27 - Quranic Grammar


The 27th word of verse (22:18) is a form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع). The verb is third person masculine singular and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is hā wāw nūn (ه و ن).

Chapter (22) sūrat l-ḥaj (The Pilgrimage)

Allah humiliates
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb, jussive mood فعل مضارع مجزوم

Verse (22:18)

The analysis above refers to the eighteenth verse of chapter 22 (sūrat l-ḥaj):

Sahih International: Do you not see that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth and the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, the moving creatures and many of the people? But upon many the punishment has been justified. And he whom Allah humiliates - for him there is no bestower of honor. Indeed, Allah does what He wills.

See Also

3 messages

Parvaiz Iqbal Khateeb

5th August, 2012


The translation of "yuhin" should be only humiliate....."Allah humiliates" is for two words "yuhini" and "Allah".

Waliakumus salam

Abdul Rahman

9th August, 2012

The problem is caused by the fact that, in Arabic, the subject comes after the verb, whilst in English it is the opposite. Perhaps one way to avoid this is to translate this word here as "is humiliated" and then the following word as "by Allah".

Mazhar A. Nurani

9th August, 2012

Another problem is that neither fact of it being a conditional verb, nor its Jussive mood is getting reflection in the target language.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds