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Verse (19:14), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (19:14) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine dual and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is wāw lām dāl (و ل د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (19) sūrat maryam (Mary)

to his parents,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine dual noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (19:14)

The analysis above refers to the fourteenth verse of chapter 19 (sūrat maryam):

Sahih International: And dutiful to his parents, and he was not a disobedient tyrant.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds