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Verse (19:13), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (19:13) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and verb. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is kāf wāw nūn (ك و ن). The verb (كان) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها).

Chapter (19) sūrat maryam (Mary)

and he was
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض

Verse (19:13)

The analysis above refers to the thirteenth verse of chapter 19 (sūrat maryam):

Sahih International: And affection from Us and purity, and he was fearing of Allah

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds