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Verse (19:12), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (19:12) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A vocative particle and proper noun. The proper noun is in the nominative case (مرفوع).

Chapter (19) sūrat maryam (Mary)

"O Yahya!
VOC – prefixed vocative particle ya
PN – nominative proper noun → Yahya
أداة نداء
اسم علم مرفوع

Verse (19:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 19 (sūrat maryam):

Sahih International: [Allah] said, "O John, take the Scripture with determination." And We gave him judgement [while yet] a boy

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds