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Verse (18:11), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (18:11) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, verb and subject pronoun. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is first person plural. The verb's triliteral root is ḍād rā bā (ض ر ب). The suffix (نا) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

So We cast
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 1st person plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (18:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: So We cast [a cover of sleep] over their ears within the cave for a number of years.

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Language Research Group
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