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Verse (18:103), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (18:103) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is khā sīn rā (خ س ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

of the greatest losers
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (18:103)

The analysis above refers to the 103rd verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: Say, [O Muhammad], "Shall we [believers] inform you of the greatest losers as to [their] deeds?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds