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Verse (16:16), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (16:16) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, preposition and noun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn jīm mīm (ن ج م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (16) sūrat l-naḥl (The Bees)

And by the stars
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun → Star
الواو عاطفة
جار ومجرور

Verse (16:16)

The analysis above refers to the sixteenth verse of chapter 16 (sūrat l-naḥl):

Sahih International: And landmarks. And by the stars they are [also] guided.

See Also

1 message

Mazhar A. Nurani

27th November, 2009

Singular, definite. "With one particular/the Star"

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds