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Verse (15:78), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (15:78) is a perfect verb (فعل ماض). The verb is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is kāf wāw nūn (ك و ن). The verb (كان) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها).

Chapter (15) sūrat l-ḥij'r (The Rocky Tract)

And were
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb فعل ماض

Verse (15:78)

The analysis above refers to the 78th verse of chapter 15 (sūrat l-ḥij'r):

Sahih International: And the companions of the thicket were [also] wrongdoers.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds