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Verse (15:76), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (15:76) is divided into 3 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix, preposition and noun. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn bā lām (س ب ل). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (15) sūrat l-ḥij'r (The Rocky Tract)

(is) on a road
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اللام لام التوكيد
جار ومجرور

Verse (15:76)

The analysis above refers to the 76th verse of chapter 15 (sūrat l-ḥij'r):

Sahih International: And indeed, those cities are [situated] on an established road.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds