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Verse (12:71), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (12:71) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf bā lām (ق ب ل). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

turning towards
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (12:71)

The analysis above refers to the 71st verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: They said while approaching them, "What is it you are missing?"

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds