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Verse (12:48), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar


The eighth word of verse (12:48) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person feminine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is hamza kāf lām (أ ك ل). The suffix (النون) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

(which will) consume
V – 3rd person feminine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والنون ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (12:48)

The analysis above refers to the 48th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: Then will come after that seven difficult [years] which will consume what you saved for them, except a little from which you will store.

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

9th December, 2016

Why feminine يَأْكُلْنَ is used?

Abdul Rahman

19th December, 2016

Here, the "seven difficult (years)" have been personalized. Metaphorically the years are like "seven women" who will consume the produce saved from the previous period. Of course, in actual fact what it means is that during the difficult years which are coming, "you" who will consume what "you have sent forward" i.e. "saved" for that period. As to Why feminine يَأْكُلْنَ is used? the answer perhaps can be found in Ilm Balaghah (The Science of Rhetorics), not something we discuss in "Grammar" or Ilm Nahw.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds