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Verse (12:103), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (12:103) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The form IV active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is hamza mīm nūn (أ م ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

(will be) believers.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (12:103)

The analysis above refers to the 103rd verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: And most of the people, although you strive [for it], are not believers.

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