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Verse (105:5), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (105:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition ka is usually translated as "like" or "as". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn ṣād fā (ع ص ف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (105) sūrat l-fīl (The Elephant)

like straw
P – prefixed preposition ka
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (105:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 105 (sūrat l-fīl):

Sahih International: And He made them like eaten straw.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds