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Verse (105:5), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (105:5) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and object pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is jīm ʿayn lām (ج ع ل). The attached object pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (105) sūrat l-fīl (The Elephant)

Then He made them
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (105:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 105 (sūrat l-fīl):

Sahih International: And He made them like eaten straw.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds