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Quran Dictionary - س ف ح


The triliteral root sīn fā ḥā (س ف ح) occurs four times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • once as the passive participle masfūḥ (مَّسْفُوح)
  • once as the form III active participle musāfiḥāt (مُسَٰفِحَٰت)
  • twice as the form III active participle musāfiḥīn (مُسَٰفِحِين)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Passive participle

(6:145:18) masfūḥanpoured forth إِلَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ مَيْتَةً أَوْ دَمًا مَسْفُوحًا أَوْ لَحْمَ خِنْزِيرٍ

Active participle (form III)

(4:25:31) musāfiḥātinthose who commit immorality وَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ مُحْصَنَاتٍ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحَاتٍ

Active participle (form III)

(4:24:21) musāfiḥīna(to be) lustful وَأُحِلَّ لَكُمْ مَا وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَنْ تَبْتَغُوا بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ
(5:5:29) musāfiḥīnabeing lewd إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds