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Quran Dictionary - ز ل ز ل


The quadriliteral root zāy lām zāy lām (ز ل ز ل) occurs six times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • three times as the form I verb zul'zilu (زُلْزِلُ)
  • twice as the noun zil'zāl (زِلْزَال)
  • once as the noun zalzalat (زَلْزَلَة)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to shake

(2:214:16) wazul'zilūand they were shaken مَسَّتْهُمُ الْبَأْسَاءُ وَالضَّرَّاءُ وَزُلْزِلُوا
(33:11:4) wazul'zilūand shaken هُنَالِكَ ابْتُلِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَزُلْزِلُوا
(99:1:2) zul'zilatiis shaken إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا


(33:11:5) zil'zālan(with a) shake زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا
(99:1:4) zil'zālahā(with) its earthquake إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا


(22:1:6) zalzalata(the) convulsion يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ إِنَّ زَلْزَلَةَ السَّاعَةِ شَيْءٌ عَظِيمٌ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds