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Quran Dictionary - ر ف ق


The triliteral root rā fā qāf (ر ف ق) occurs five times in the Quran, in four derived forms:

  • once as the noun rafīq (رَفِيق)
  • once as the noun marāfiq (مَرَافِق)
  • once as the noun mir'faq (مِّرْفَق)
  • twice as the form VIII passive participle mur'tafaq (مُرْتَفَق)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.


(4:69:18) rafīqancompanion(s) وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا


(5:6:12) l-marāfiqithe elbows فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ


(18:16:19) mir'faqan(in) ease يَنْشُرْ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ رَحْمَتِهِ وَيُهَيِّئْ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَمْرِكُمْ مِرْفَقًا

Passive participle (form VIII)

(18:29:28) mur'tafaqan(is) the resting place بِئْسَ الشَّرَابُ وَسَاءَتْ مُرْتَفَقًا
(18:31:28) mur'tafaqan(is) the resting place نِعْمَ الثَّوَابُ وَحَسُنَتْ مُرْتَفَقًا

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds