The twentieth word of verse (9:83) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and verbal noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The verbal noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The verbal noun's triliteral root is qāf ʿayn dāl (ق ع د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 83rd
verse of chapter 9 (sūrat
Sahih International: If Allah should return you to a faction of them [after the expedition] and then they ask your permission to go out [to battle], say, "You will not go out with me, ever, and you will never fight with me an enemy. Indeed, you were satisfied with sitting [at home] the first time, so sit [now] with those who stay behind."
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