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Verse (9:74), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (9:74) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:74:2)
bil-lahi
by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (9:74)

The analysis above refers to the 74th verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: They swear by Allah that they did not say [anything against the Prophet] while they had said the word of disbelief and disbelieved after their [pretense of] Islam and planned that which they were not to attain. And they were not resentful except [for the fact] that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them of His bounty. So if they repent, it is better for them; but if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. And there will not be for them on earth any protector or helper.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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