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Verse (9:71), Word 19 - Quranic Grammar

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The nineteenth word of verse (9:71) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A future particle, verb and object pronoun. The prefixed future particle sa is used in combination with the imperfect (present tense) verb to form the future tense. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). The attached object pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:71:19)
sayarḥamuhumu
Allah will have mercy on them.
FUT – prefixed future particle sa
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
حرف استقبال
فعل مضارع و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (9:71)

The analysis above refers to the 71st verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Those - Allah will have mercy upon them. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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