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Verse (9:63), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (9:63) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:63:2)
yaʿlamū
they know
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:63)

The analysis above refers to the 63rd verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: Do they not know that whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger - that for him is the fire of Hell, wherein he will abide eternally? That is the great disgrace.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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