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Verse (9:61), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar


The thirteenth word of verse (9:61) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

in Allah,
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (9:61)

The analysis above refers to the 61st verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: And among them are those who abuse the Prophet and say, "He is an ear." Say, "[It is] an ear of goodness for you that believes in Allah and believes the believers and [is] a mercy to those who believe among you." And those who abuse the Messenger of Allah - for them is a painful punishment.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds