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Verse (9:42), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar

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The thirteenth word of verse (9:42) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:42:13)
bil-lahi
by Allah,
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (9:42)

The analysis above refers to the 42nd verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: Had it been an easy gain and a moderate trip, the hypocrites would have followed you, but distant to them was the journey. And they will swear by Allah , "If we were able, we would have gone forth with you," destroying themselves [through false oaths], and Allah knows that indeed they are liars.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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