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Verse (9:39), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (9:39) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is nūn fā rā (ن ف ر). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

you go forth,
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:39)

The analysis above refers to the 39th verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah is over all things competent.

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

19th January, 2016

(9:39:2) إِلَّا تَنْفِرُوا يُعَذِّبْكُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا . Should تَنْفِرُوا not be فعل مضارع مجزوم because of shart?

If not then what makes it فعل مضارع منصوب?

Abdul Rahman

21st January, 2016

You're right. تَنْفِرُوا should be فعل مضارع مجزوم .

V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood.

Correction should also be made to 9:39:1

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds