The second word of verse (9:39) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is nūn fā rā (ن ف ر). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.
The analysis above refers to the 39th
verse of chapter 9 (sūrat
Sahih International: If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah is over all things competent.
19th January, 2016
(9:39:2) إِلَّا تَنْفِرُوا يُعَذِّبْكُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا . Should تَنْفِرُوا not be فعل مضارع مجزوم because of shart?
If not then what makes it فعل مضارع منصوب?
21st January, 2016
You're right. تَنْفِرُوا should be فعل مضارع مجزوم .
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood.
Correction should also be made to 9:39:1
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