The first word of verse (9:39) is a restriction particle.
The analysis above refers to the 39th
verse of chapter 9 (sūrat
Sahih International: If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah is over all things competent.
21st January, 2016
This is actually two particles merged as one, إن (if -- harf shart, particle of condition) and لا (not -- particle of negation). The verb following is therefore in jussive mood because of the effect of إن.
إلّا in this particular case is not "restriction particle".
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