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Verse (9:39), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (9:39) is a restriction particle.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

If not
RES – restriction particle أداة حصر

Verse (9:39)

The analysis above refers to the 39th verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah is over all things competent.

See Also

2 messages

Abdul Rahman

21st January, 2016

This is actually two particles merged as one, إن (if -- harf shart, particle of condition) and لا (not -- particle of negation). The verb following is therefore in jussive mood because of the effect of إن.

Abdul Rahman

21st January, 2016

إلّا in this particular case is not "restriction particle".

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds