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Verse (9:21), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (9:21) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

of Mercy
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (9:21)

The analysis above refers to the 21st verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: Their Lord gives them good tidings of mercy from Him and approval and of gardens for them wherein is enduring pleasure.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds