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Verse (9:123), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (9:123) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:123:12)
wa-iʿ'lamū
And know
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:123)

The analysis above refers to the 123rd verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, fight those adjacent to you of the disbelievers and let them find in you harshness. And know that Allah is with the righteous.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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