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Verse (9:11), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar

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The thirteenth word of verse (9:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:11:13)
yaʿlamūna
(who) know.
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: But if they repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, then they are your brothers in religion; and We detail the verses for a people who know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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