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Verse (90:17), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar


The ninth word of verse (90:17) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (90) sūrat l-balad (The City)

to compassion.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (90:17)

The analysis above refers to the seventeenth verse of chapter 90 (sūrat l-balad):

Sahih International: And then being among those who believed and advised one another to patience and advised one another to compassion.

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