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Verse (8:60), Word 19 - Quranic Grammar

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The nineteenth word of verse (8:60) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)


(8:60:19)
taʿlamūnahumu
(do) you know them
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (8:60)

The analysis above refers to the 60th verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: And prepare against them whatever you are able of power and of steeds of war by which you may terrify the enemy of Allah and your enemy and others besides them whom you do not know [but] whom Allah knows. And whatever you spend in the cause of Allah will be fully repaid to you, and you will not be wronged.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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